Breast Cancer is cancer that develops from Breast tissue. Signs of breast cancer may include a lump in the Breast, a change in breast shape, dimpling of the skin, fluid coming from the nipple, or a red, scaly patch of skin. In those with distant spread of the disease, there may be bone pain, swollen lymph nodes, shortness of breath, or yellow skin.
Types of Breast Cancer:
- Ductal Carcinoma in Citu (DCIS)
It is non-invasive cancer where abnormal cells have been found in the lining of the breast milk duct. The atypical cells have not spread outside of the ducts into the surrounding breast tissue. Ductal carcinoma in situ is very early cancer that is highly treatable, but if it’s left untreated or undetected, it can spread into the surrounding breast tissue.
- Infiltrative Ductal Carcinoma
The abnormal cancer cells that began forming in the milk ducts have spread beyond the ducts into other parts of the breast tissue. Invasive cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body. It is also sometimes called infiltrative ductal carcinoma.
- Triple Negative Breast Cancer
A new, large-scale study of triple-negative breast cancer shows that small molecules called microRNA can be used to define four subtypes of this aggressive malignancy.
Inflammatory Breast Cancer
It is an aggressive and fast-growing breast cancer in which cancer cells infiltrate the skin and lymph vessels of the breast. It often produces no distinct tumor or lump that can be felt and isolated within the breast. But when the lymph vessels become blocked by the breast cancer cells, symptoms begin to appear.
- Metastatic Breast Cancer
It is also classified as Stage 4 breast cancer. Cancer has spread to other parts of the body. It usually includes the lungs, liver, bones or brain.
- Medullary Carcinoma
It accounts for 3-5% of all breast cancer types. The tumor usually shows up on a mammogram but does not always feel like a lump. At times, it feels like a spongy change of breast tissue.
- Tubular Carcinoma
Making up about 2% of all breast cancer diagnosis, tubular carcinoma cells have a distinctive tubular structure when viewed under a microscope. It is usually found on a mammogram and is a collection of cells that can feel like a wet area of breast tissue rather than a lump. Typically this type of breast cancer is found in women aged 50 and above and usually responds well to hormone therapy.
- Mucinous Carcinoma
It represents approximately 1% to 2% of all breast cancers. The main differentiating features are mucus production and cells that are poorly defined. It also has a favorable prognosis in most cases.
- Mammary Paget Disease
This condition is a rare type of cancer affecting the skin of the nipple and often the areola, which is the darker circle of skin around the nipple. Most people with Paget disease evident on the nipple also have one or more tumors inside the same breast; either ductal carcinoma in situ or invasive breast cancer (1–3). Paget disease is frequently misdiagnosed at first because the first noticeable symptoms can easily be confused with more common skin conditions affecting the nipple. Like all breast cancers, the prognosis for Paget disease depends on a variety of factors, including the presence or absence of invasive cancer and whether or not it has spread to nearby lymph nodes.
- Increasing age
- A personal history of Breast Cancer
- A family history of breast cancer
- Inherited genes that increase cancer risk
- Radiation exposure
- Beginning your period at a younger age and beginning menopause at an older age
- Having your first child at an older age
- Postmenopausal hormone therapy
- Drinking Alcohol
Symptoms of Breast Cancer:
- A change in how the breast or nipple feels
- A change in the breast or nipple appearance
- Any nipple discharge particularly clear discharge or bloody discharge
- Breast cyst
- Breast Pain