Infertility mainly refers to an inability to conceive after having regular unprotected sex. It can also refer to the biological inability of an individual to contribute to conception, or to a female who cannot carry a pregnancy to full term. Therefore, treatments available that can help couples have babies and enjoy the bliss of parenthood. Infertility Treatments are artificial insemination, IUI, IVF, ICSI, Blastocyst culture, Laser assisted hatching, retrieval of sperm by TESA, PESA and MESA methods.
Causes of Female Infertility
Many things may be keeping you from getting pregnant:
- Damage to Fallopian tubes: These tubes carry eggs from your ovaries to the uterus, where the baby develops. Endometriosis, pelvic surgery, and scars from pelvic infections, damage Fallopian tubes. As a result, it prevents the sperms from reaching the egg.
- Hormonal problems: You may not be getting pregnant because your body isn’t going through the natural hormonal changes that lead to the release of an egg from the ovary and the thickening of the lining of the uterus.
- Cervix issues: Some women have a condition that prevents the sperms from passing through the cervical canal.
- Unexplained infertility: In about 20% of couples who have problems, the exact causes are never identified.
- You may have polyps and fibroids that interfere with getting pregnant. Uterine polyps and fibroids happen when too many cells grow in the endometrium, the lining of the uterus.
Causes of Male Infertility
It has many causes of hormonal imbalances, genetic defects, physical problems, psychological and behavioral problems. But More than 90% of male infertility cases are due to low sperm counts, poor sperm quality, or both. Moreover, fertility reflects a man’s overall health.
The following are some lifestyle choices that negatively impact male fertility
- Excessive stress
- Chronic alcohol abuse
- Malnutrition and anemia.
- Inadequate vitamin C and Zinc in the diet.
- Prolonged use of marijuana and other recreational drugs.
- Smoking decreases both sperm count and sperm cell motility.
- Anabolic steroid use causes testicular shrinkage and infertility.
- Tight underwear increases scrotal temperature, which results in a decrease in sperm production.
- Overly intense exercise produces high levels of adrenal steroid hormones, which cause a testosterone deficiency resulting in infertility.
- Exposure to environmental hazards and toxins such as pesticides, lead, paint, radiation, radioactive substances, mercury, benzene, boron, and heavy metals
Modifying these behaviors can improve a man’s fertility.
Cost of Infertility Treatment
The cost of Infertility Treatment varies from $250 to $8000 depending on other factors and one geographic area to another.