Intrauterine Insemination or IUI is an infertility treatment that involves placing sperm inside a female’s uterus to facilitate fertilization. The primary purpose of this treatment is to have a pregnancy by using skill other than sexual intercourse. The purpose of IUI is to increase the quantity of sperm that reaches the Fallopian tubes and increase the chance of fertilization. For It to work, your Fallopian tubes must be open and healthy.
When is IUI used?
The most common reasons for IUI are a low sperm count or poor sperm motility. Other fertility problems treatable with It include:
- Semen allergy
- Unexplained infertility
- Ejaculation dysfunction
- Severe pain during sex
- An adverse cervical condition, along with cervical mucus problems
- Sexually transmitted disease, such as HIV or hepatitis (in either partner)
- Cervical scar tissue from past procedures which may hinder the sperm’s ability to enter the uterus
Cost of Treatment
The cost of IUI Treatment for one cycle varies from $800 to $2000 depending on other factors and one geographic area to another.
IUI is not suitable for the following patients:
- Moderate to severe endometriosis
- Women with a record of pelvic infections
- Women who have severe disease of the Fallopian tubes
How does It work?
Before IUI, the doctor usually gives female ovulation-stimulating medicines. In which case, careful monitoring is necessary, and insemination is to coincide with ovulation – release of the eggs. About 24-36 hours after the surge in LH hormone that suggests ovulation will happen soon.
A semen specimen taken after 2-5 days of abstinence from ejaculation is washed at the lab to separate the sperm from the seminal fluid. The doctor injects washed specimen of highly motile sperm either in the cervix or higher in the uterine cavity using a sterile, flexible catheter. This technique maximizes the number of sperm cells in the uterus, thus increasing the possibility of conception.
The IUI process takes a few minutes solely and entails minimal discomfort.