During the procedure, your surgeon will make a very small incision and insert a tiny camera — called an arthroscope — into your knee. It allows them to view the inside of the joint on a screen.
- Repair damaged ligament, cartilage
- Remove fragments of loose bone or cartilage
- Treat frozen shoulder
- Recurrent shoulder dislocation.
It can also repair the ligaments of the Joint. There are limited risks to the procedure, and the outlook is good for most patients.
Why Do I Need Knee Arthroscopy?
Your doctor may recommend that you undergo a knee arthroscopy if you’re experiencing knee pain. Your doctor might have already diagnosed the condition causing your pain, or they may order the arthroscopy to help find a diagnosis. In either case, an arthroscopy is a useful way for doctors to confirm the source of knee pain and treat the problem.
Arthroscopic surgery can Diagnose and Treat knee injuries, including:
- torn anterior or posterior cruciate ligaments
- torn meniscus (the cartilage between the bones in the knee)
- a patella that’s out of position
- pieces of torn cartilage that are loose in the joint
- removal of a Baker’s cyst
- fractures in the knee bones
- swollen synovium (the lining of the joint)
What Happens During a Knee Arthroscopy?
Your doctor will give you an anesthetic before your knee arthroscopy. It may be:
- local (numbs your knee only)
- regional (numbs you from the waist down)
- general (puts you completely to sleep)
If you’re awake, you may be able to watch the procedure on a monitor.
The surgeon will begin by making a few small incisions, or cuts, in your knee. Sterile salt water, or saline, will then pump in to expand your knee. It makes it easier for the surgeon to see inside the joint. The arthroscope enters one of the cuts, and the surgeon will look around in your joint using the attached camera. The surgeon can see the images produced by the camera on the monitor in the operating room.
When the surgeon locates the problem in your knee, they may then insert small tools into the incisions to correct the issue. After the surgery, the surgeon drains the saline from your joint and closes your cuts with stitches.